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United States Postal History continued...

INDIAN TERRITORY (Choctaw Nation) continued...
Lot Symbol CatNo. Lot Description CV or Estimate
1181 c imageDoaksville, Choctaw Nation, attractive envelope with "Doakes ville/Ark./May 16" black c.d.s., matching "Paid" handstamp with ms. "3" rate marking at right which looks to have been changed by a ms. "Paid 20", very fine cover and nice strike of this early handstamp marking; ex-Bleuler. (Image) Est. $400-500

SOLD for $325.00
Will close during Public Auction
1182 c imageEagletown, Choctaw Nation, an extremely early and rare entire letter out of the Indian Territory, datelined "Kuk-po-a-ta Choctaw Nation/July 24th 1835", posted to a Reverend Robert Steel in Abington, Pennsylvania, impressive "Eagle Town/West of Arks/July 29th" manuscript postmark with matching "25" rate marking, contains a lengthy mournful letter over the death of the writer's wife; some minor splitting of cover folds, very fine; this letter is one of the earliest out of the Choctaw Nation and this post office that was opened in 1834; plus the form of the marking is highly unusual and believed to be the only known example of its type; ex-Bleuler. (Image) Est. $1,000-1,500

SOLD for $850.00
Will close during Public Auction
1183 c imageEagletown, Choctaw Nation, an attractive 3c Red Nesbitt postal entire (#U9) posted to Newburyport, Mass., with unusual "Eagletown C.N. Arks/Oct. 10-57" manuscript postmark with both the Choctaw Nation and Arkansas designations (usually just one or the other, not both), from Rev. Cyrus Byington, a missionary serving the Choctaws who developed a lexicon and dictionary of the Choctaw language so that this oral language could be written; fresh and very fine; a rare marking of which there are only a few examples recorded; ex-Bleuler. (Image) Est. $300-400

SOLD for $425.00
Will close during Public Auction
1184 c imageEagletown, Choctaw Nation, lovely embossed lady's cover with 3c Dull red (#11) with ms. cancel and postmarked "Eagleton C.N./Jan 24" in manuscript at left, posted to Col. P.P. Pitchlynn, distinguished Choctaw and Principle Chief of the Nation, attractive and very fine; ex-Bleuler. (Image) Est. $200-300

SOLD for $375.00
Will close during Public Auction
1185 c imageFort Coffee, Choctaw Nation, 1834 entire folded letter to Chicopee Factory, Mass., datelined "Fort Coffee/Choctaw Nation West/1st July 1834, posted from Fort Smith, the nearest post office, with manuscript "Fort Smith Ark/July 4th" postmark and matching "25" rate marking, the letter is an order for four regulation swords for the four officers that signed this letter, very fine; it was decided that a military post should be located closer to the Indian lands than Fort Smith, work started on Fort Coffee on April 22, 1834 and the 7th Infantry moved up from Fort Smith to occupy the new fort on June 16th, this letter was written two weeks later, long before a post office was established at Fort Coffee on April 22, 1835; an extremely rare Choctaw Nation cover and undoubtedly among the earliest letters, if not the earliest, out of this short-lived post that was abandoned in 1838; ex-Chase, Bleuler. (Image) Est. $750-1,000

SOLD for $1,200.00
Will close during Public Auction
1186 c imageFort Towson, Choctaw Nation, an especially fresh and attractive 1837 entire folded letter to Salem, Mass. with neat "Fort Towson/May 8 1837/Pd" manuscript postmark at left and "Paid 25" at right, lengthy three page plus letter from a mother to her daughter, very fine and exceeding choice example of this early post office in the Choctaw Nation; ex-Bleuler. (Image) Est. $400-500

SOLD for $450.00
Will close during Public Auction
1187 c imageFort Towson, Choctaw Nation, 1838 entire folded letter to Boston, Mass. with strong strike of "Fort Towson/Ark/Oct 28" c.d.s. at left and ms. "25" rate at right, three page letter from a niece to her aunt and uncle back east, some fold splits; very fine; a very early example of this handstamp marking apparently in the first year of use; ex-Bleuler. (Image) Est. $500-750

SOLD for $325.00
Will close during Public Auction
1188 c imageFort Towson, Choctaw Nation, a most interesting 1842 entire folded letter addressed to just "State of Rhode Island", datelined "Zacetagus, Mexico/July 1st 1842", a nephew writing to his Uncle states in his letter "This I send by Mr. Hughes, a gentleman going to FT. Towson Indian Nation, where it will be mailed if he arrives safe", it was posted three months later with black "Fort Towson/Ark/Sep 29" c.d.s. and matching "Paid" handstamp with "25" in ms., those markings marked out with blue pen and forwarded from Providence to Kingston in Washington County, after he tells his uncle what he is doing and that he will return in the spring of 1844 he gives these instructions "Select me a farm to buy and a wife to marry", and concludes with "Depend on my return if I live", fresh and very fine; a most fascinating piece of postal history; ex-Chase, Bleuler. (Image) Est. $500-750

SOLD for $425.00
Will close during Public Auction
1189 c imageFort Towson, Choctaw Nation, interesting 1847 entire folded letter to Delhi, New York written by the commander of Fort Towson to his sister, black "Fort Towson/Ark/Aug 9" c.d.s. at left and ms. "Paid 10" rate at right, interesting three page letter in which he describes the fort, the local town of Doaksville and various personages and happenings; very fine; if you think these western forts were large affairs Commander Foote relates, "I am delightfully situated here being in command of one of the finest military posts on the western frontier, though I have only one corporal and 10 men to protect the public property here"; a choice letter and nice example of this handstamp marking; ex-Bleuler. (Image) Est. $400-500

SOLD for $290.00
Will close during Public Auction
1190 c imageFort Towson, Choctaw Nation, 1846 entire folded letter to Brig. Gen. Jones in Washington, D.C. with red "Fort Towson/Ark/Mar 12" c.d.s. at left, rated "10" in ms. but also marked "O.P. Service", letter is from Lt. Col. Loomis, commander of the fort and a career army officer that served alternately at Fort Towson in the Choctaw Nation and Fort Gibson in the Cherokee Nation between 1842 and 1848, very fine; an exceptionally rare marking in red with Dr. Chase's notes on the reverse stating the "only example seen in red"; ex-Chase, Bleuler. (Image) Est. $500-750

SOLD for $500.00
Will close during Public Auction
1191 c imageLuk-Fah-Tah, Choctaw Nation, postmaster free frank cover attractive cover posted to Col. P.P. Pitchlynn, distinguished Choctaw and Principle Chief of the Nation, clear "Luk fah tah/Jany 22nd" manuscript postmark at left, back flap has been replaced, otherwise very fine; a scarce early example of this post office that opened in 1849 being the variety without hyphens; ex-Bleuler. (Image) Est. $400-500

SOLD for $325.00
Will close during Public Auction
1192 c imageLuk-Fah-Tah, Choctaw Nation, folded cover posted to Allen Wright, distinguished Choctaw and Principle Chief of the Nation, at Armstrong Academy, franked with 3c Dull red (#11) with crossed pen strokes cancel, with "Luke fa tah, CN/May 3rd" manuscript postmark at left, fresh and very fine cover; the spelling of this post office is found in various forms, originally in three words Luk Fah Tah (hyphenated and not hyphenated), ultimately spelling became Lukfata as one word, this spelling with an "e" on "Luke" is highly unusual; ex-Bleuler. (Image) Est. $300-400

SOLD for $1,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
1193 c imageSpringbluff, Choctaw Nation, cover to Allen Wright, Principle Chief of the Choctaw Nation, at Boggy Depot, franked with 3c Dull red with "F" grill cancelled by the ms. "1869" date of the "Spring Bluff C N/Jan 11th 1869" manuscript postmark, docketing at right indicates that this was from Sampson Folsom, a prominent Choctaw, for the convening of the Cabinet, very fine; a very rare post office that opened in November of 1867 and was apparently only operational for a couple of years, 1869 being the latest year recorded of the two or three covers known from this location; ex-Bleuler. (Image) Est. $300-400

SOLD for $475.00
Will close during Public Auction
1194 c imageWheelock, Choctaw Nation, two 3c Orange Browns (#10, minor gum staining) with ms. cancel just tying to a cover to Belvedere, Ill, "Wheelock, C.N./Jan 8" (1852) manuscript postmark at left; very fine; a nice example of this early post office in the Choctaw Nation; ex-Bleuler. (Image) Est. $400-500

SOLD for $525.00
Will close during Public Auction
1195 c Indian Territory-Choctaw Nation interesting mounted postal history collection, over 40 covers and letters housed in two large albums, the postal history of the Choctaws starts very early when they were still in Mississippi and Alabama, this collection starts with an 1820 entire folded letter with "Choctaw Agency/May 25" (Mississippi) manuscript postmark, from a young lady working at the mission there, also five letters in the 1828-1831 period that actually are connected with the western Indian territorial lands, two are inbound to Camp on Black Creek, three are military to and from various camps in the Choctaw Nation as the military was preparing its facilities for the influx of Choctaws that were starting to move here during that period, most of these are courier carried without postal markings, early stampless with Choctaw Nation postal markings include 1845 "Fort Towson, Ark." black c.d.s. and 1854 "Doaks Ville, C.N.", plus a couple of Doaksville and Choctaw Agency in the early stamp period, 20 covers are of the Bank Note period with early covers for the town of Kennady, Krebs, Poteau and Savanna, each of these dated within a year or two of when the post office opened, some items have original enclosures, in addition to the covers there are other pieces of collateral including contemporaneous documents and pamphlets, etc.; condition varies but overall fine-very fine and quite nice for this early period in the Indian Territory; ex-Bleuler. Est. $1,500-2,000

SOLD for $5,750.00
Will close during Public Auction
1196 c Indian Territory-Choctaw Nation comprehensive and important cover accumulation of over 300 covers and cards posted from the Choctaw Nation in the Indian Territory period, includes 20 covers from the stampless period and early stamp period through the 1869 issue, mostly with postmarks of the Indian Territories but including several inbound covers as well, includes four from Eagletown including an 1851 stampless prior to the rate change, the others with 1851-57 issues and postmarks showing Arkansas or Choctaw Nation designations or both, four from Doaksville including one with c.d.s. handstamp marking, two from Armstrong Academy, plus Scullyville, Scalesvile and Atoka, over sixty covers are from the 1870's to 1880's with some scarce and early post offices such as 1870 Micco, 1886 Annette, 1883 Brazil Station and many more, the later period from the 1890's until statehood consist of 225 covers with an immense range of towns and different postmarks, the Choctaw Nation was one of the larger and more populated areas with numerous small towns and many of these existed in the territorial period for only a short time, we note such scarce towns as Banty, Dow, Gilmore, Oberlin, Noah, Parsons, Tucker and many more, there are covers present with corner cards and illustrated advertising and other interesting items, naturally condition will vary on an accumulation of this size but there are many fine-very fine covers; this accumulation represents a wealth of postal history from the Choctaw Nation and needs to be viewed to appreciate its full scope; ex-Bleuler. Est. $5,000-7,500

SOLD for $14,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
INDIAN TERRITORY (Creek Nation)
Lot Symbol CatNo. Lot Description CV or Estimate
1197 c Indian Territory-Creek Nation mounted postal history collection, housed in two large albums with over 50 posted covers neatly written up on pages including additional collateral such as period pamphlets and booklets of agreements and regulations of the Nation, one printed in both English and Creek, covers start with an early ms. "Creek Agency CN/June 26" postmark on cover with #26 franking, most covers are of the 1870's-1880's, which for this nation narrows it down to relatively few towns but each town is collected showing a variety of different markings concentrating in such towns as Gibson Station, Muscogee, Okmulogee, Wetumka and others, some covers with corner cards of the Creek Nation and advertising, plus a few official covers from the Office of Indian Affairs, condition varies due to the earlier period of this collection but a number of fine-very fine and desirable items are present; ex-Bleuler. Est. $1,000-1,500

SOLD for $5,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
1198 c Indian Territory-Creek Nation substantial and varied cover accumulation of over 200 covers and cards, includes some early period covers including ms. "Creek Agency CN" postmarks on an 1860 cover with #26 franking and an 1870 cover with #114, over 25 covers of the Bank Note period, mostly the larger early towns but we note a scarce 1883 cover with "Heywood/Ind. Ty./Oct 20 1883" c.d.s., however the real merit of this accumulation are over 175 later covers of the Indian Territory period with a wide range of post offices that were opened in this later period and some of them being very short lived, we note such towns as Hasson, Kelleyville and Kiefer, the last open for less than a year in the territorial period, others include Newby, Olive, Wildcat, Shellbark and many more, a few covers with corner cards and illustrated advertising, also includes an additional 20 unused post cards showing a nice range of views; condition varies but the vast majority are fine-very fine; an excellent accumulation for one wanting to build a nice collection of the Creek Nation; ex-Bleuler. Est. $2,000-3,000

SOLD for $5,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
INDIAN TERRITORY (Seminole Nation)
Lot Symbol CatNo. Lot Description CV or Estimate
1199 c imageSeminole Agency, Seminole Nation, Florida Territory, a beautiful entire folded letter to Brig. Gen. Jones in Washington, D.C., bearing a magnificent strike of the extremely rare "Sem. Agency/Flo./Apl 20" ornamented double oval handstamp, endorsed "Free" and marked "On public Service", letter is datelined "Fort King Fla/April 26th 1835" and signed by Captain C. W. Thurston, minor mounting marks on the reverse, extremely fine; this letter was written approximately nine months prior to the Dade massacre in December as Captain Dade was marching to this very fort, Fort King became a strategic military post in the second Seminole War; a marvelous rarity of the Seminole Agency and Florida Territory, and all the more rare because of its impeccable condition; ex-Bleuler. (Image) Est. $2,000-3,000

SOLD for $5,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
1200 c imageCaptain Francis L. Dade, autographed letter signed, entire letter to General R. Jones in Washington, D.C., "Key-West/Florida/Dec 15" red oval of Florida Territory with matching "Free" handstamp at right, very fine; in this letter, datelined "Key West, Florida/December 14th 1835", Captain Francis L. Dade responds to General Jones communication of two weeks previous, which he did not immediately receive because Dade had been on leave in Pensacola, he informs General Jones that he has "...received orders from General Clinch directing me to repair without delay with my Company to Tampa Bay where, I understand, some Indian depredations have been lately committed calculated to create considerable alarm", Captain Dade goes on to describe a recent attack on Sutler's Store near Fort Brooke and concludes with "I am now much engaged in preparing to obey the order...", in a postscript he inquires that since he is now the senior Captain in the regiment, if he is not entitled to the rank of Major in command of the regiment.This letter sets the stage for one of the most notorious Indian massacres that the army had to date experienced and would not be played out again until 40 years later at the Little Big Horn in Montana. Captain Dade, with a company of 102 men and eight officers were ambushed two weeks later on December 28th by 180 Seminole Indians, besides a large number of negro slaves. Captain Dade was killed and the entire command was virtually annihilated with only three soldiers surviving. Thus starts the second Seminole war of 1835-42, which was to become one of the longest, bloodiest and most costly engagements with Indians in the history of the United States. Captain Dade is recognized as a military hero and, among other honors, Dade County is named after him. He was also posthumously given the rank of Major that he had requested. This letter is not only highly significant in its content and relationship to this event (It may have been his last correspondence, a theme that Gordon Bleuler used to write a fictional article on the event), but it is one of the very few autographs or artifacts that have survived of this military hero. This letter is a great Florida Territory and Indian related rarity without equal; ex-Bleuler. (imagea) (Image) Est. $4,000-5,000

SOLD for $13,000.00
Will close during Public Auction

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