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British Commonwealth continued...

Cape of Good Hope Part II - Exhibition Collection continued...
Lot Symbol CatNo. Lot Description Opening at...
362 imageConvicts Mail: 1875 (9 Aug.) Folded letter sheet from an inmate at the Kowie Convict Station to Grahamstown, cover with no postage being paid is endorsed in red ms. at left "Convict’s Letter, A. (Alexander) W.H. Aitchison" (appointed station Superintendent 1861), backstamped with double oval PORT ALFRED AU 9 1875 town datestamps (2 strikes) and Grahamstown same day receiver, Rare., ex. Dillaway,

Dr Dillaway’s research has identified only two additional convict letters known, both of which fall outside the scope of this collection. This special mail class is not detailed in current Cape literature. Interestingly, all three items show no postal charges; two of the three are clearly marked in red manuscript and officially countersigned as per this example.
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Get Market Data for [South Africa (Cape of Good Hope) Collection] Visual Pricing Guide Sample Census

Suggested Bid $300-400

SOLD for $375.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:36 PM
363 imageMissent to Port Elizabeth: Circa 1875 Official Mail printed wrapper front from Albert (signed to secure O.H.M.S. free postage by John L'Estrange, Magistrate’s Clerk and Distributor of Stamps at Albert, bearing boxed MISSENT TO PORT ELIZABETH handstamp (SP 3). On redirection and arrival the wrapper was notated in ms. "Recd. by me, 27 Mar. A.G." (A. Goldhawk who was the clerk to the Master and Registrar of the Eastern Courts seated in Grahamstown, 15 August 1874 to 30 November 1875), wrapper with faint creasing at right. Interesting and Rare, ex. Dillaway. (Image) (Image2)

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Suggested Bid $200-300

SOLD for $200.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:37 PM
364 imageMissent to Cape Town: 1876 (Dec.) Inspector of Schools O.H.M.S. envelope (back flap missing) from Grahamstown to Alice missent to Cape Town bearing MISSENT TO CAPE TOWN (without hyphens) handstamp (SP 2) and CAPE TOWN DE 12 76 CAPE COLONY c.d.s. at right, backstamped with unclear Grahamstown origin c.d.s.,scarce and attractive., ex. Dillaway,

The writer, Charles Clark, was Deputy Inspector of Schools in the Eastern Districts and Transkei.
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Suggested Bid $150-200

SOLD for $200.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:38 PM
365 imageMissent to Port Elizabeth: 1877 (23 Jan.) envelope from Cape Town to Port Beaufort (near Swellendam) missent to Port Elizabeth then missent to Fort Beaufort (Eastern Frontier) bearing 1871-76 4d dull, tied by thin bar barred oval "1" CAPE TOWN JA 23 77 CAPE-COLONY duplex, boxed MISSENT TO PORT ELIZABETH handstamp (SP 3) with FORT BEAUFORT FE 3 1877 double arc c.d.s., cover backstamped with Port Elizabeth c.d.s. transits of 31 January and 7 February 1877 and Swellendam receiver of 11 February 1877, ex. Dillaway.
SG 30.

This cover illustrates the confusion that arose between the town nomenclature of Port Beaufort (near Swellendam, Western Cape) and Fort Beaufort (Eastern Frontier). Port Beaufort was never issued with a Double Arc datestamp, which strike on this cover proves the misdirection.
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Suggested Bid $300-400

SOLD for $425.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:38 PM
366 imageOfficers mail: 1876 (26 Aug. and 11 Oct) Two envelopes written by Colonel George Clayton Swiney, Commanding Officer from 1875 of the Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry stationed at the Cape, from 1868 to 1877. The first from King Williams Town to Cape Town bearing 1864-77 4d deep blue (wing margin at right) tied by barred oval "4" handstamp, bears KING WILLIAMS TOWN AU 26 76 c.d.s. and CAPE TOWN AU 30 76 CAPE COLONY arrival c.d.s. The second from King Williams Town to Southampton, England bearing 1864-77 6d deep lilac (wing margin at left) also cancelled by barred oval "4" handstamp, tied bears KING WILLIAMS TOWN OC 11 76 c.d.s. and CAPE TOWN OC 16 76 transit c.d.s. with Plymouth and Southampton same day receiver of 10 November 1876 backstamps, scarce., ex. Dillaway.
SG 24c, 25a.

Commissioned Officers did not enjoy the Soldiers 1d concessionary rate.
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Suggested Bid $200-300

CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:38 PM
367 image"On H. M. Service" military folded letter, Kloppers Fontein to Cathcart: 1877 (14 Oct.) folded letter with Service inscription written during the Ninth Frontier War, from George Judd, Field Cornet at Klap Smits River whilst campaigning at Kloppers Fontein near Queenstown to John Frost, Commandant, Cathcart, cover bears QUEENSTOWN OC 16 77 CAPE COLONY c.d.s. with "Geo Judd, Field Cornet" endorsement at lower left, scarce., ex. Dillaway,

The Field Cornet system was established in the Cape in the late 18th century. This was a necessary means of maintaining communications between the authorities at the Castle in Cape Town and the Landdrosts and Post Holders at the various Drostdies and outposts throughout the expanding Colony. Each Field Cornet was also empowered to act as a kind of subordinate magistrate responsible for the general good order and social welfare of the district committed to his charge.
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Suggested Bid $200-300

CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:39 PM
368 image"O. H. M. S." Pressing and Confidential Signed Campaign Envelope (no contents): 1877 (2 Nov.) envelope from Lieut-General Sir Arthur Thurlow Cunynghame, written one month after his appointment to command all Colonial Forces, to Col. William Bellaires, King Williams Town, endorsed at top right "To be sent by mounted orderly from Komgha to Kei Road Station from thence by guard of evening train and to be delivered this night" with "A T Cunynghame (Signed) General" at lower left, "2 Nov. 1877" date at lower right and pencil notation "Recd 11:30 am 3rd Nov. 1877" at left center, envelope with three folds, one at extreme left, Rare. Also includes an original General Order No. 1 (Colonial Forces) Head-Quarters, King Williamstown, 2nd October, 1877 bulletin., ex. Dillaway,

Governor Frere found General Cunynghame a liability both militarily and politically and replaced him with Frederic Thesiger (Lord Chelmsford) on 4 March 1878. Colonel William Bellaires was the commander of forces west of the Kei River.
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Suggested Bid $300-400

SOLD for $190.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:39 PM
369 image"O. H. M. S." Two military folded letters: 1877 (6 Dec.) and 1878 (19 Jan.) Two folded letters with Service inscriptions but forwarded by mounted orderly, both to Commandant Frost, the first from Anta in the district immediately adjacent to Cathcart, the second from Umgwali Camp in the Ngqika District approximately 28 miles from Cathcart, scarce., ex. Dillaway. (Image) (Image2) (Image3)

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Suggested Bid $200-300

CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:40 PM
370 image"Free On Service in the Field," "On Active Service Stamps not procurable:" 1878 (8 Jan. and 2 July) Two Envelopes from Thomas Busby in King Williams Town to the writer’s wife in London, England, suitably endorsed and correctly countersigned by "W.E.D. Spring Lieut., 24th Regt. Comm. 1st Detacht." and "F.E. Baker Capt., Commg. Baker’s Horse." The first cover) bears KING WILLIAMS TOWN JA 8 78 c.d.s. and CAPE TOWN JA 14 78 CAPE COLONY transit c.d.s., backstamped CAPE PACKET FE 19 78 PLYMOUTH c.d.s. with London receivers of 11 February 1878. The second cover) undoubtedly written immediately the war ended, bears KING WILLIAMS TOWN JY 2 78 c.d.s. and CAPE TOWN JY 8 CAPE COLONY transit c.d.s. with London backstamp receivers of 21 August 1878. Both covers were taxed 6d on arrival due to non prepayment and bear different "6d" handstamps. An incredible pair of covers with both signed Richard Johnson., ex. Dillaway,

Thomas Busby was killed at Isandhlwana on 22 January 1878. The Busby letters were the subject of a special monograph by Robson Lowe and also featured in his article in the S. A. Philatelist, Vol. 61, No. 11, November 1985.
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Suggested Bid $500-750

SOLD for $600.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:40 PM
371 image"On Service" military folded letters: 1878 (24 Jan. and 14 Feb.) Two folded letters written in the field with Service inscriptions from D. White, in charge at Katberg Camp (both letters endorsed at lo, The first letter with interesting military contents mentioning, "PostCart Escorts carried out punctually." Also "I have sent a spy down Blinkwater way who has not yet returned" and which bears QUEENSTOWN JA 25 78 CAPE COLONY c.d.s. backstamp. The second letter mentions several Kaffirs who approached a farmer’s door in the night, knocking him down when opened with a Kerrie (a type of club) only to have his wife come to his rescue with a gun and which bears QUEENSTOWN FE 15 78 CAPE COLONY c.d.s. backstamp, scarce and fascinating, ex. Dillaway,

At the time these letters were written Commandant John (later Sir John) Frost was leading one of the fiercest and bloodiest actions of the whole war. This was the relatively obscure suppression of what had developed into a rebellion led by Gungubele, Chief of the Tshatshu, in the Tambookie location.
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Suggested Bid $300-400

CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:41 PM
372 image"On Service in the Field:" 1878 (? Feb. and 19 Feb.) Two envelopes from Private Upton of the Frontier Armed and Mounted Police from King Williams Town to Romford, Essex, England, both suitably endorse, endorsed and correctly countersigned by E.J.J. inspector F.A.MP. The first cover bears KING WILLIAMS TOWN FE ? 78 c.d.s. and CAPE TOWN FE 9 78 CAPE COLONY transit c.d.s. with Romford receiver of 11 March 1878. The second cover bears KING WILLIAMS TOWN FE 19 78 c.d.s. and CAPE TOWN FE 25 78 CAPE COLONY transit c.d.s. and unclear Romford receiver backstamp. Upon arrival in England both covers were taxed 6d due to non-prepayment as required for the soldiers concessionary rate and bear different "6d" handstamps, both covers with flap cover mends but a remarkable pair. Rare., ex. Dillaway,

Idutywa post office was opened 1 December 1876, probably initially as a military establishment as postmarked mail appeared only from 1883.
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Suggested Bid $400-500

SOLD for $500.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:41 PM
373 imageMilitary folded letter, Grey Town to Bolo Camp: 1878 (6 Mar.), folded letter from Commandant Chas. D. Griffith in Grey Town carried east 12 miles by mounted orderly to Commandant J. Frost at Bolo Camp. Highly unusual, ex. Dillaway,

The letter refers to one of the major actions of the Ninth Frontier War and confirms "No news yet from Waterkloof." Two days earlier under the command of Special Commissioner W. B. Chalmers, some 1700 troops had advanced into the area and surrounded the kraal of Chief Maqoma of the Ngqika tribe.
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Suggested Bid $200-300

CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:42 PM
374 image"Free W. B. Chalmers, Specl. Comm." 1878 (8 Mar.) William Buchanan Chalmers was appointed Special Commissioner by the Governor of the Colony on five occasions., He was a man of unusual education and duty for his times, he played a vital role in Eastern Frontier affairs. He likely signed this letter for Lieut. F. Smith who was writing to his father in Petersfield, Hampshire, England, cover backstamped FORT BEAUFORT MR 8 1878 double arc c.d.s. and Petersfield receiver of 20 April 1878. Despite Mr Chalmers efforts in this case the letter was taxed and bears "6d" in circle handstamp, Rare., ex. Dillaway,

Frescura records the latest known usage of the Double Arc Fort Beaufort c.d.s. as 5 March 1878.
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Suggested Bid $300-400

SOLD for $260.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:42 PM
375 imageBurns Hill via Alice to England: 1878 (17 Apr.) Campaign letter written just before the battle of Makabalele Ridge, a signed officer’s letter erroneously bearing 1871-76 1d carmine-red (wing margin at right) tied by small triangular obliterator on cover to his father, Revd. W. Smith, Petersfield, Hampshire, England, countersigned "Free, F. Smith, Lieut, Commanding, Burns Hill" and bears double oval ALICE AP 17 1878 town datestamp and CAPE TOWN AP 25 78 CAPE COLONY c.d.s., backstamped CAPE PACKET PLYMOUTH MY 24 78 c.d.s. and next day receivers of Diss and Petersfield, Rare., ex Dillaway.
SG 29.

The letter was delivered from the field to Alice, 15 miles west of Burns Hill and forwarded to Cape Town on postcart route No.28.
The seeds of battle had been sown many years before but the war erupted between the Xhosa and Fingo tribes when a minor Gcaleka Chief was injured during a brawl at a beer party held by the Fingo Ngcayecibi. Against his will the Xhosa Paramount Chief Sandile became involved and a full scale war between the tribes started. The Cape Government used both Imperial Troops and Colonial Forces consisting of 5,000 infantry, 200 mounted troops and the assistance of 3,700 Fingo tribesmen to finally end the war with the death of Sandile, who was killed on 29 May 1878 in the Perie Bush 12 miles from King Williams Town. The death of the Paramount Chief heralded the end of an era and a legend spread over 50 years.
So much for "Beer Diplomacy"
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Suggested Bid $750-1,000

SOLD for $525.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:43 PM
376 image"From the Field, Stamps Not Obtainable:" 1878 (3 June) Letter from "No. 88 Private I. Keane, H Comp., 1/24 Reg. Ibeka S. Africa" to Ennis, Ireland, envelope countersigned by the major of the garrison, and bearing KING WILLIAMS TOWN JU 3 78 c.d.s. and CAPE TOWN JU 8 78 CAPE COLONY transit c.d.s. with ENNIS NO 15 79 c.d.s. on front, additionally backstamped the next day, indicating that the letter was delivered after 17 months, taxed 1d (hence handstamp), postmaster notation "Recd. open & sealed at Ennis" on back, a remarkably well-traveled. Rare., ex. Dillaway,

The village of Ibeka was renamed Fort Ibeka during the Ninth Frontier War. This was the military camp of the Frontier Armed and Mounted Police and, although records show the opening of a post office February 1878, possibly only a military establishment without cancellers, as no identifiable mail with postmarks has been found from this source. It is remembered for the unsuccessful 3-day siege beginning on 29 October 1877 when the fort was surrounded and attacked by 9,000 Gcaleka warriors.
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Suggested Bid $300-400

SOLD for $300.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:43 PM
377 imageOfficers mail: Kei Road via King Williams Town to England: 1878 (26 June) cover from Major F. Whinyates, Royal Engineers to his wife at the "Field Officers Quarters, " Woolwich, England bearing 1864-77 6d violet cancelled by "248" BONC handstamp, bears unclear KEI ROAD c.d.s. and KING WILLIAMS TOWN JU 26 78 c.d.s. with unclear Cape Town transit c.d.s. and red unclear Woolwich receiver backstamp, scarce., ex. Dillaway.
SG 25b.

The cover is postmarked in transit at King Williams Town three days before the final surrender at the end of the war. The "248" BONC predates the earliest known usage recorded by Frescura by six years. Frescura also records the earliest known usage of a similar Kei Road c.d.s. as 8 March 1890.
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Suggested Bid $200-300

CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:43 PM
378 imageOn Active Service: 1879 (17 Mar.) Letter from Private William Mann, No. 6 Company, Duke of Edinburgh’s Own Volunteer Rifles, the longest serving Cape infantry unit, to Mowbray, near Cape Town, endorsed "D.E.O.V.R. No 6 Com. On Active Service" countersigned by commanding officer and bearing KING WILLIAMS TOWN MR 17 79 c.d.s. and arrival CAPE TOWN MR 22 79 CAPE COLONY c.d.s., Rare., ex Dillaway,

As the Volunteer Rifles were heavily involved during the Ninth Frontier War, Private Mann would have served actively throughout the whole campaign. Since this serviceman was killed at Isandhlwana on 22 January 1879, his commanding officer mailed the letter.
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Suggested Bid $300-400

SOLD for $280.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:44 PM
379 imageOfficers mail: 1880 (14 Oct.) envelope from Umtata (Tembuland) to Ripley, Surrey, England bearing 1864-77 6d violet tied by light "55" BONC handstamp, endorsed "Fort Harrison October 13 1880", bears UMTATA OC 14 80 c.d.s., backstamped KING WILLIAMS TOWN OC 16 80 c.d.s. and CAPE TOWN OC 21 80 CAPE COLONY transit c.d.s. with Woking Station receiver of 16 November 1880, scarce, Signed Richard Johnson, ex Dillaway.
SG 25b.

Frescura records the earliest known usage of the "55" BONC as 15 July 1886. An early military letter from a ranking member of the peace-keeping force stationed at Fort Harrison shortly after the Ninth Frontier War. When the great warrior Ndamse died in 1876 his son ceded the land on the western bank of the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape Government in return for being recognized as the independent ruler. In 1878 the British flag was raised at Port St Johns and Fort Harrison was established to protect the newly acquired territory.
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Suggested Bid $200-300

SOLD for $135.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:44 PM
380 imageOn Her Majesty’s Service: 1892 (20 Aug.) envelope from Port Elizabeth to Graaff Reinett bearing purple straight-line ON THE PUBLIC SERVICE handstamp with Thos. D Owens signature above, cover endorsed "Cape Government Railways" at lower left and bears PORT ELIZABETH AU 20 92 C.G.H. c.d.s. with divided circle GRAAFF REINET 22 AU 92 c.d.s. receiver, scarce, ex Dillaway,

Thomas David Owen is recorded in 1892 as a Railway Clerk of the railway goods sheds in Port Elizabeth. In 1905 he became a Clerk with the Harbor Board.
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Suggested Bid $200-300

SOLD for $145.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:45 PM
381 imageOn Her Majesty’s Service: 1899 (5 Nov.) envelope from Port Elizabeth to Cape Town bearing 1898-1902 Standing "Hope" 1d carmine affixed over blue boxed three-line ON THE PUBLIC SERVICE C. CLARK TRAFFIC, and cancelled by PORT ELIZABETH NO 5 99 C.G.H. c.d.s., cover endorsed "Cape Government Railways" at lower left, backstamped with divided circle G.P.O. CAPE TOWN 8 NOV 99 CAPE COLONY c.d.s. receiver, scarce., ex Dillaway.
SG 59a.

No explanation for the use of the stamp, possibly because the letter was going to The Southern Life Assn. – private usage.
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Suggested Bid $150-200

SOLD for $110.00
Will close during Public Auction
before May-14, 06:45 PM

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